Many children with speech sound disorders go on to have reading and spelling problems.

Reading problems: Decoding can be difficult. Why? When you do not have really solid knowledge of when/how to use speech sounds, it is hard to learn how they are represented on the page. Even when letter sounds are learned, combining them (sounding out) can be difficult.

Spelling problems: Teachers know that the flip side of decoding is encoding, or spelling. Representing speech sounds as letters is difficult to do when the child does not have really solid knowledge of when/how to use speech sounds. The child may even say the word correctly but still have trouble spelling it, such as saying faster and writing fetsr. Vowel error and s/t reversal. These errors can be difficult to handle, because the child is saying the word correctly. The underlying deficit in metaphonological skills needs to be addressed.

Teachers can help.